Everything You Need to Know About Preeclampsia

Preeclampsia is a serious condition that pregnant women tend to develop in the later stages of pregnancy. It was earlier called toxemia. Women suffering from this condition have a sudden high blood pressure which they have never experienced before. They have a high protein level in their urine along with swelling of the hands and feet. It is important for women to be aware of the symptoms of preeclampsia so that they can consult with their doctor and prevent their condition from graduating to eclampsia. Preeclampsia is incurable and a potential danger to both the mother and child.

Reasons behind preeclampsia

Why preeclampsia or eclampsia takes place in some women is unknown. However, researchers surmise that excess body fat, improper functioning of the placenta and poor nutrition might be responsible. It might also be caused by a genetic reason or even the improper blood flow to the uterus.

Who can get preeclampsia?

Women who are becoming mothers for the first time can have this condition along with teenage moms-to be and also women above the age of 40. In most case it is seen that women who get preeclampsia had never has high blood pressure. However, other reasons responsible for getting preeclampsia includes:

  • Women with a family history of preeclampsia
  • High blood pressure before pregnancy
  • Women suffering obesity
  • Women carrying twins or more children
  • History of rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, lupus and kidney diseases

Symptoms associated with the condition

The commonest symptom of preeclampsia is swelling, high blood pressure and high levels of protein in urine. Other symptoms include:

  • Sudden weight gain in a period of one or two days
  • Extreme headache
  • Abdominal pain
  • Little or no urination
  • Dizziness
  • Alteration in reflex action
  • Excessive nausea and vomiting
  • Change in vision

However, it is not mandatory that preeclampsia will have the above mentioned symptoms because it can happen without these symptoms also. Consulting a doctor is important because he would recommend something from the pregnancy medication list to control the situation.

Can preeclampsia affect the baby and mother?

Preeclampsia is one of the main causes behind premature birth. Such children can develop epilepsy, learning disabilities cerebral palsy, vision, and hearing problems. According to the Preeclampsia Foundation women suffering from the condition can actually give birth to healthy children but the condition has to be arrested in time.

For mothers, it can cause problems like stroke, water in the lungs, seizure , heart failure, liver bleeding, post-birth bleeding and even blindness. Often preeclampsia is responsible for causing still birth if the placenta gets separated. In such situations if you want to know the best medicine for pregnancy you will have to contact a doctor because preeclampsia can have serious consequences. In fact most doctors advice that delivery is the only cure for patients with preeclampsia. If the pregnancy is nearing the delivery date or at least 37 weeks the doctor may opt for a caesarian delivery to control the situation.