India is developing into a centre for medical tourism. People for foreign countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, Africa, and Pakistan come here for a variety of reasons.
Onset of kidney failure
The need for a kidney transplant is the kidney failure or end stage kidney disease. The bean shaped organs on both sides of the spine at the back of the abdomen are the kidneys. Large renal blood vessels bring blood to these kidneys and the kidney filters the blood through the millions of small filters called nephrons.
High cost of kidney transplant
The cost of kidney transplant in India is between Rs 2 lakhs and Rs 3 lakhs, which is beyond the reach of most of the low-income groups. So, if their kidney fails, they die a slow and painful death. However, a few government hospitals offer inexpensive kidney transplant surgery. These surgeries cost only Rs 65,000. The same treatment costs $84,200 in the US.
Work done by the kidney and reasons for kidney disease
The action of the kidneys includes the filtering of the waste products. These waste products pass out of the body along with the urine. At times, due to disease, the nephrons become damaged and lose their ability to filter the waste products from the body. When this reaches 90%, the person is said to have end stage kidney disease.
The common reasons for the onset of kidney diseases include these:
High blood pressure: Kidney disease occurs when the person has high blood pressure. The high pressure in the tiny vessels leads to damage of the nephrons. This disrupts the filtering process.
Inherited condition: One of the inherited conditions is polycystic kidneys. This condition occurs when large gaps or cysts form within the kidney. This stops the normal functioning of the kidney.
Immune diseases: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a condition where the immune system of the body fails to recognise the kidney as a part of the body and begins to attack it.
Diabetes: Due to the high blood sugar, damage occurs in the kidneys. This disease is called diabetic nephropathy and inevitably leads to kidney failure.
Renal artery stenosis: These are the blockages in the arteries that bring the blood to the kidneys. When the blockages occur, it leads to end stage renal disease.
Congenital problems: You may have a problem with the development of the kidneys from birth. You do not see the problem until the renal disease develops fully.
Foreigners look to India
When foreigners need a kidney transplant, they look to India for their surgery. This is due to the low kidney transplant cost in India and the excellent medical facilities. The disease has a solution and you must implement it at once. The pertinent solution is to use a dialysis to filter the waste from the blood.
Another solution is kidney transplant and this is a better option. The reason is that you do not have to keep going to the hospital to do the dialysis. In addition, the expenses connected with the dialysis are absent. You have more time to yourself and this makes your life freer.